Chikungunya Notebook: The Basics

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Some questions and hopefully helpful answers based on my understanding after reading a number of sources.  Let’s go…
What is chikungunya?
Chikungunya is a virus transmitted by mosquitoes.
This disease name sounds fool fool.  Where it come from? 
After an outbreak in 1952 in what is now Tanzania, the name “chikungunya” was given to the name of the illness that caused a lot of joint pain and contorted posture.  The word means “that which bends up” in the Makonde language.  Evidence suggests that chikungunya first appeared as early as the 1700s.
Chikungunya is endemic – or common – in southeastern Africa and is known throughout India and Southeast Asia.
What causes chikungunya?
Chikungunya is caused by a virus carried by the same mosquitoes that carry dengue.